Carbon dating hoax
So strong is this evidence that agnostic art historian Thomas de Wesselow is convinced by it that the Shroud is authentic. Wilson, I., 2010, "The Shroud: The 2000-Year-Old Mystery Solved," Bantam Press: London, p.222.
And even Professor Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Director of the Oxford radiocarbon dating laboratory, who as "C. Bronk" was a signatory to the 1989 Nature paper, has admitted, "There is a lot of other evidence that suggests ...
The protocol workshop rejected a proposal that the dating be blind, so that the laboratories would not know which sample was from the Shroud.
The workshop also rejected a proposal that samples be taken from different areas of the Shroud. The top left hand corner of the Shroud which the cleric is holding (and countless others down through the centuries) is the same corner that the sample for the 1988 radiocarbon dating was cut from.
Then a year after the Shroud's dating, in 1989, an intercomparison test of 38 radiocarbon dating laboratories (with Oxford abstaining!
Yet the evidence as a whole is overwhelming that the the Shroud is authentic. Dutton, D., 1984, "Requiem for the Shroud of Turin," Michigan Quarterly Review 23, pp.243-255.
Any carbon contaminants, including those forced into the flax fibres' hollow lumen by the superheated steam from the water used to dowse the 960ºC (1760ºF) molten silver fire, which had became part of the flax fibres' molecular structure, would be impossible to remove by pretreatment and so would return an apparently younger radiocarbon age.
So even if the flax of the Shroud had been harvested in 1325 or 1350, its radiocarbon date would have been more recent than that, unless: 1) there had been no contamination of the Shroud's flax with younger carbon; or 2) the pretreatment to remove carbon contamination had been perfect, both of which are unlikely.
Gove[16, , claimed that the year 1325 was the date of the Shroud. Jacques Evin, then Director of the radiocarbon dating Laboratory at Lyon, France, who contributed a control sample to the dating, in the then future "carbon 14 dating of the Shroud ... D., 1998, "Unraveling the Shroud of Turin," Approfondimento Sindone, Vol.
there can be nothing closer than a span of 200 years" and so it "will not be possible to pinpoint where the exact age of the Shroud can be situated within the span".
To keep this summary from becoming even longer than it is, I will not usually post full quotes supporting my points but will provide a reference and link back to the original post in this series where that particular quote appears. "scientific journal Nature reported that three AMS radiocarbon dating laboratories at universities in Tucson Arizona, Oxford England and Zurich Switzerland, had in 1988 dated the Shroud of Turin as "mediaeval ... Wilson, I., 1991, "Holy Faces, Secret Places: The Quest for Jesus' True Likeness," Doubleday: London, p.3. Evin, J., 1988, "In anticipation of carbon 14 dating of the Shroud of Turin," Shroud Spectrum International, No.